ammonium perchlorate large



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ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Perchlorates

Mar 03, 2011· Perchlorates are colorless salts that have no odor There are five perchlorate salts that are manufactured in large amounts: magnesium perchlorate, potassium perchlorate, ammonium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate, and lithium perchlorate Perchlorate salts are solids that dissolve easily in water The health effects of perchlorate salts are due to the perchlorate itself and not to the ,...

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Ammonium Perchlorate 200 Micron - Fireworks Cookbook

Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidizer used in a large number of compositions Very impressive color compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions...

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SAFETY DATA SHEET - GFS Chemicals

SAFETY DATA SHEET 1 Identification Product identifier AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE, REAGENT Other means of identification Product code 3 Recommended use professional, , possibility that large or frequent spills can have a harmful or damaging effect on the environment...

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Endeavour LLC | NDEP | NDEP

In 1982, PEPCON was acquired by American Pacific Corporation (AMPAC), and on May 4, 1988, PEPCON was destroyed by a large fire and several subsequent explosions that involved on-site storage containers filled with ammonium perchlorate, among other factors ...

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US2739873A - Process for making ammonium perchlorate ,

US2739873A US311365A US31136552A US2739873A US 2739873 A US2739873 A US 2739873A US 311365 A US311365 A US 311365A US 31136552 A US31136552 A US 31136552A US 2739873 A US2739873 A US 2739873A Authority US United States Prior art keywords ammonium perchlorate process crystals mother liquor stream Prior art date 1952-09-25 Legal status (The legal status is an ,...

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Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant - Wikipedia

Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) is a modern solid-propellant rocket used in rocket vehicl It differs from many traditional solid rocket propellants such as black powder or zinc-sulfur, not only in chemical composition and overall performance, but also by the nature of how it is processed...

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Workshop: Perchlorate Containing Products

The amount of ammonium perchlorate required in a given motor varies by the type of solid rocket or missile propellant For example, approximately 70 percent of the weight of the space shuttle solid rocket motor propellant consists of ammonium perchlorate Each set ,...

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Ammonium perchlorate | NH4ClO4 - PubChem

Ammonium perchlorate, an oxidizer, is the most prevalent form of this compound; has been widely used in solid propellants, fireworks, and flares; and is a constituent of many munition components Manufacture of ammonium perchlorate began in the 1940s, primarily for use by the defense industry and later by the aerospace industry...

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ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Perchlorates

Jan 21, 2015· One of the perchlorate salts, ammonium perchlorate, is produced in large amounts because it is used in rocket fuels The solid booster rocket on the space shuttle is almost 70% ammonium perchlorate Perchlorates are also used in explosiv Because perchlorates are used for some military applications, many countries consider the amounts that ....

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Ammonium perchlorate | PyroData

Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidiser used in a large number of compositions Very impressive colour compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions...

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The Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate ,

Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is the most widely used oxidizer in solid compo-site propellants mainly because of the high oxygen content, large specific volume of product gases and extensive handling and storage experience [11] The cor-responding DTA thermograms ,...

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US2739873A - Process for making ammonium perchlorate ,

US2739873A US311365A US31136552A US2739873A US 2739873 A US2739873 A US 2739873A US 311365 A US311365 A US 311365A US 31136552 A US31136552 A US 31136552A US 2739873 A US2739873 A US 2739873A Authority US United States Prior art keywords ammonium perchlorate process crystals mother liquor stream Prior art date 1952-09-25 Legal status (The legal status is an ,...

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Ammonium perchlorate | PyroData

Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidiser used in a large number of compositions Very impressive colour compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions...

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SAFETY DATA SHEET (DRAFT) - AMPAC

Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidizing agent and may cause rapid combustion or explosions if mixed with fuels 2) Burning ammonium perchlorate may produce chlorine, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and oxides of...

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AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE | CAMEO Chemicals | NOAA

AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE is a strong oxidizing agent Decomposes at 130°C and explodes at 380°C [Mellor 2 Supp 1:608 1956] Explosions have occurred in propellant formulations containing ammonium perchlorate to which ferrocene has been added as a burning rate catalyst...

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History of Perchlorate Health Effects Research: 50 , - EWG

1940's: Large-scale production of perchlorate begins, expanding along with the growth of the postwar military-industrial complex 1952: Perchlorate is found to impair normal thyroid function by interfering with iodine uptake by the thyroid gland (1) 1957: Study shows that perchlorate can pass through the placenta and can affect fetal animals more seriously than adults (2)...

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Surge in Imports Endangers US Ability to Produce Vital ,

Oct 24, 2018· Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems has imported large quantities of sodium perchlorate this year, according to shipping documents reviewed by Breitbart News Sodium perchlorate is used to manufacture ammonium perchlorate, a propellant used to control how quickly and powerfully solid rocket fuel burns...

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Crystallization of Ammonium-Perchlorate from Solution of ,

Crystallization of Ammonium-Perchlorate from Solution of Electrolytically Produced Sodium-Perchlorate in a Pilot- Scale Plant A Mr Živko Andri ća a19 December AD, Chemical process and product R&D department, 81 000 Podgorica, Montenegro Abstract Large scale application of ammonium-perchlorate in the composite rocket fuels...

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Low-temperature thermal decomposition of large single ,

Author's personal copy Low-temperature thermal decomposition of large single crystals of ammonium perchlorate Dorota Majdaa, Alexander Korobovb, Urszula Filekc, Bogdan Sulikowskic, Paul Midgleyd, David Vowlesd,e, Jacek Klinowskif,* aRegional Laboratory of Physicochemical Analysis and Structural Research, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 3, 30-060 Krako´w, Poland...

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Perchlorate Toxicity and Risk Assessment

Perchlorate Toxicity and Risk Assessment David R att tie,' Joan ~trawson,~ and Jay zhao2 I Air Force Research Laboratoty, WPAFB, OH 45433-5707 2~oxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment, Cincinnati, OH 4521 1 PERCHLORATE OCCURRENCE AND EXPOSURE Sources of Perchlorate Ammonium perchlorate is the oxidizer ingredient in solid propellant mixtures...

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Full text of "The Complete Book of Flash Powder"

it is said that pure ammonium perchlorate sublimes without melting when it is slowly heated in the air, but when we heat the normal commercial material in a porcelain crucible with an electric heater, it decomposes violently at 260-360 degrees c ammonium perchlorate dissolves in water in large amounts even at room temperature...

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PEPCON disaster - Wikipedia

Ammonium perchlorate manufactured for other United States government programs was not held at the PEPCON plant during this period High-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic and steel drums were used for in-process and additional storage at the time of the accident, as they had been for many years prior to the Challenger accident...

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Solved: During Takeoff, A Large Portion Of A Modern Rocket ,

During takeoff, a large portion of a modern rocket's thrust comes from a solid fuel known as ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) To make the APCP, ammonium perchlorate is mixed with a powdered metal (usually binder that sticks it together (we'll ignore the binder in our chemical reaction)...

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Pyrotechnic Formulas: Rocket Propellants - CannonFuse

Thiokol propellants NOTE: These propellants are based on polyethylene sulfide rubbers mixed with ammonium perchlorateAccording to the Thiokol Cehmical Corporation, liquid thiokol is produced by condensing ethylene chlorohydrin to dichlorodiethylformal, which is then treated with sodium polysulfide to obtain the finished productThe proportion for liquid thiokol to perchlorate is usually 20 ....

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US3383180A - Crystallization of large particle sized ,

US3383180A US448697A US44869765A US3383180A US 3383180 A US3383180 A US 3383180A US 448697 A US448697 A US 448697A US 44869765 A US44869765 A US 44869765A US 3383180 A US3383180 A US 3383180A Authority US United States Prior art keywords ammonium perchlorate crystals crystallization crystallizer zone Prior art date 1965-04-16 Legal status (The legal status is an ,...

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Perchlorate

Anthropogenic Sources Perchlorate is a manufactured compound that includes perchloric acid and salts such as ammonium, potassium, and sodium perchlorate Sources include the manufacturing or testing of solid rocket fuels and the manufacturing of ammonium perchlorate, fireworks, and certain types of fertilizers Perchlorate has also...

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Ammonium Perchlorate: Helping to Launch the Space Shuttle ,

Filled with ammonium perchlorate and other solid chemicals, they help thrust the orbiter into the atmosphere External Tank - the large orange tank attached to the orbiter at the time of lift-off Filled with liquid hydrogen and oxygen fuels, the tank helps thrust the orbiter into space...

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1 PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

so exposure to ammonium perchlorate can be via water contaminated with ammonium perchlorate or inhalation in the workplace With chronic exposure given sufficient dose (see NRC, 2005) and duration, ammonium perchlorate can cause thyroidal stores of iodine to ,...

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Sciencemadness Discussion Board - Perchlorate compositions ,

Ammonium Perchlorate has the lowest solubility of any Ammonium compounds in water that I am aware of Your better off with Nitromethane, the suggested perchlorate compounds by Rosco, or possible Ammonium perchlorate eutectics If you had Ammonium Nitrate or Sodium Perchlorate slurry based explosives would probably be a better choice...

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